Importantly, the ECtHR judgment confirms, at a continental level, that CAS is a genuine arbitration tribunal and that such sports jurisdiction is necessary for uniformity in sport. This follows similar determinations by the Swiss Federal Tribunal in 1993 and 2003 and of the German Federal Tribunal in 2016. It is critical to obtain a definitive ruling from one authoritative body, the CAS, to apply global sport rules uniformly. Otherwise athletes would be denied a level playing field.